“Bangladesh’s religious minorities have been facing attacks since the 2014 national election. During the elections, minority-dominated villages were the worst-attacked places, where individuals and groups associated with pro-Islamist parties looted and burned properties and residences owned by members of Hindu, Christian and Buddhist religions in different parts of the country. Some political parties deliberately used the religious sentiments of ordinary people to intensify communal and religious tensions and polarizations for political advantages,” a pastoral solidarity team of the Christian Conference of Asia (CCA) was told by representatives of different religious groups in Bangladesh.
The CCA organized a Pastoral Solidarity Visit last week to accompany the churches and communities facing religiously motivated violence in Bangladesh. During the four-day visit, the solidarity team engaged in interactions with various civil society organizations, representatives of minority religious groups, churches, ecumenical organizations and social and human rights activists in the country.
“In the last two years alone, at least eight secular bloggers, publishers and rights’ activists have been killed for writing about freedom of thought, religious harmony, communal tolerance and political accountability,” said civil society organization representatives.
Members of the solidarity team were told that minorities in Bangladesh live in the midst of terror and fear. Extremist violence has been a recurring problem in the country, where religious minorities are intimidated, threatened, assaulted and killed by Islamic extremists intent on silencing dissenting voices.
Out of the 169 million people in Bangladesh, 90 percent are Sunni Muslims; 9.5 percent of them belong to the Hindu religion; and all other faiths, including Christians, Theravada Buddhists, Shi’ite and Ahmadi Muslims, account for less than 1 percent of the total population.
As a direct result of the frequent attacks by extremist groups in the country, religious minorities in Bangladesh are also vulnerable to illegal land grabbing. At least 431,000 people continue to live in displacement as a result of past conflicts and ongoing violence in the country. Indigenous people and religious minorities have been disproportionately affected by this violence and the resulting protracted and new displacement.
Ecumenical and church leaders in Bangladesh echoed their concerns over the troubling rise in violence in the country and informed the members of the CCA solidarity team about the plight of the suffering communities.
The CCA solidarity team met leaders of the National Council of Churches in Bangladesh (NCCB), the Catholic Bishops Conference of Bangladesh (CBCB), the Bangladesh Baptist Church Sangha (BBCS), the Church of Bangladesh (COB), and the United Forum of Churches in Bangladesh (UFCB).
The team also met the leadership of the National Human Rights Commission, the Bangladesh Islamic Foundation (BIF), the Bangladesh Mahila Parishad (BMP), the Christian Association & Hindu-Buddhist-Christian Unity Council and the YWCA & YMCA in Bangladesh.